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Chapter 12 – Climate Change Is the Only Thing Constant By Michael Belsick Final Instalment Let’s look back at what we have learned from each chapter and summarize: We learned that the Left’s claim that 97% of all climate scientist believe in climate change due to increasing amounts of man-made CO2 was actually only around 32%. While we are not allowed public debate on this topic to accurately determine the numbers, the actual percentages do not matter.  What does matter is that there are still lots of scientists that do not believe even significant changes in carbon dioxide concentrations could Read more…


Chapter 11 – Available Sources of US Energy By Michael Belsick   Figure 39 and Figure 40 show the current sources of energy used to generate electricity in the US and their percentage of use. What do these figures tell us? Fossil fuels were used to generate 63.6% of all electricity made and used in the US in 2018.  It is extremely doubtful that one could grow the current 17% of renewables to 80.6% in just 12 years. Figure 39. Sources of US Electricity Generation, 2018 Figure 40. US Electricity Generation by Source   Thanks to the movie “The China Read more…


Chapter 10 – The Politics of Anthropogenic Climate Change By Michael Belsick Greta Thumberg, other man-made climate change activists, Democratic politicians, and all Liberal Media “talking heads” tell us that man-made climate change is real and the effects will be irreversible in 12 years if we do not act (spend money) right now.  Where do they get this information since all of them know little or nothing about science? The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).  The IPCC “stimulates” research in climate science Read more…


Chapter 9 – Computer Model Predictions By Michael Belsick Everything previously mentioned leads us to a discussion on computers, computer programming, and using computers to make climate predictions.  To start, I must begin the discussion by saying that many people give far more credit to computers than what computers deserve.  That is mainly because most people don’t understand computers and how they can do what they do for us. Computers are not “all knowing”.  They only know what they have been programmed to know.  As such, Artificial Intelligence is still in its infancy.  While computers have beaten chess masters, it Read more…


Chapter 8 – Summary of the Variables Capable of Changing Earth’s Temperature By Michael Belsick Just as a pre-summary, I thought that it would be prudent to summarize all the variables discussed so far that can affect the weather or climate. We learned that the sun is our only source of life-giving heat to our Planet Earth.  However, the orbit and the rotation of the Earth on its axis can and does change over time such that the sun’s solar energy can be greater or smaller.  These changes in solar energy will cause global ice ages about every 100,000 years.  Read more…


Chapter 7 – The Difference Between “Weather” and “Climate” By Michael Belsick   Weather is the normal pattern of hot/cold, wet/dry, and calm/windy that we are used to experiencing during the year and seasons.  If it happens to be 1 degree warmer than what you remember, then you have not lived long enough to understand or appreciate normal weather variability.  Climate is the general term used to describe the normal weather patterns, including minor extremes that may occur at regular intervals, during all seasons for a particular location and for a period of time of 30 years or more.  In Read more…


Chapter 6b – The Earth’s Heating and Ventilation System By Michael Belsick   Clouds Two of the most important and least understood elements in climate studies are the effects of clouds and aerosols.  (Aerosols are minute solid and liquid matter such as smoke particles from fires or ash from volcanos, ocean spray, or microscopic specks of wind-blown soil; not the layman’s definition of something sprayed from a can or bottle like hairspray.)  All cloud droplets have a speck of dirt, dust, or salt crystal at their core.  Without aerosol particles, there would be no clouds.  Two clouds having identical altitudes, Read more…


Chapter 6a – The Earth’s Heating and Ventilation System by Michael Belsick Just like in homes and businesses, the Earth has its own heating and ventilation system working automatically to heat or cool the Earth.  The main differences are that the Earth’s system is an automatic system that does not require any human input; the Earth’s system takes longer to bring about any changes; and the Earth’s system is far more complex than the ones invented by man. The simplest explanation to start is that we all know that warm air rises.  Hot air balloons rise when the air inside Read more…


Chapter 5 – The Earth’s Energy Budget by Michael Belsick As noted in chapter 3, science indicates that the TSI (Total Solar Irradiance) of 340 W/m2 (watts per square meter) is the average level of solar radiation (sun’s energy) reaching the top surface of the Earth’s atmosphere.  As the saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words.  Figure 13 is a depiction of the Earth’s energy balance from NASA. Figure 13. Earth’s Energy Budget This energy balance depiction is complicated mainly because of a closed loop feedback back system where energy is bounced around a bit between the ground Read more…


Chapter 4 – The “Relativity” of Time and Temperature By Michael Belsick This chapter about time may seem irrelevant to a discussion about climate change.  I have included it because it may provide a better comprehension of time with respect to the Earth’s climate over the eons.  In the previous chapter, we discussed how orbital mechanics of the Earth’s rotation around the sun changes every 100,000 years.  That is an extremely large number to comprehend.  The birth of Jesus Christ was just over 2,000 years ago and that seems to us a very long time ago.  So how can anyone Read more…